[D]ifferent languages have influenced English throughout its history.
Compare, for instance, how the input from German has grown and then declined again from 1800 to the present day. The data lying behind this graphic reflects some of the biggest changes in the history of English.
Today, English borrows from other languages with a truly global sweep. For instance, borrowing from Japanese has shot up over the past hundred years. Words like judo, sushi, or tsunami have broken through into the vocabulary familiar to everyone.
If we look back to the 1800s, Latin, French, Greek, and German are much more dominant.
Check out the link for the interactable in-browser tool so you can see the evolution in motion.